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ERIC Number: ED352675
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Dec-3
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Roles of Particular Cultural Exemplars and Abstract Cultural Schemata in the Acquisition and Use of Genre Knowledge.
Kamberelis, George; Greene, Judy
A study investigated the roles of particular cultural exemplars and more abstract cultural schemata in the acquisition of genre knowledge. Subjects, 16 kindergarten children, 20 first-grade children, and 18 second-grade children from one intact classroom at each grade level, were interviewed about their knowledge of various textual and structural aspects of three school-based genres (stories, poems, and science reports), produced written texts designed to instantiate these three genres, and were asked a series of questions about their texts. While results indicated strong evidence for a U-shaped relationship between prototypicality and exemplar-based versus schema-based texts and between overall rhetorical effectiveness and exemplar- versus schema-based texts, it yielded only partial evidence that the U-shaped patterns were systematically related to children's grade level. Findings suggest that: most prototypic texts and the most rhetorically effective texts were largely informed either by particular cultural exemplars or abstract schematic cultural knowledge about narrative, poetic, and expository texts; and the texts that were the least prototypic and least rhetorically effective were often informed by a combination of exemplar-based and schema-based knowledge and discourse strategies. (Two figures and one table of data are included; 18 references are attached.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A