ERIC Number: ED352415
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Synthesizing the Evidence: Evaluating Mainstreaming as a Change Process.
Barrington, Gail V.
An evaluation was conducted to examine the process by which the Yellowhead School Division in Alberta (Canada) had integrated children with disabilities into regular classrooms, and to describe the current status of that process. A list of 16 steady objectives was developed. The evaluation, which took place from January through June 1991, covered the school years 1986-87 through 1990-91. Findings were reported in a framework developed by M. W. McLaughlin (based on the Change Agent Study) in 1990 that found that, for the educational process to be effective and for long-term policy directives to be realized, the following conditions have to exist: (1) the policy distinguishes between content and process; (2) implementation dominates outcome; (3) innovation contributes to the organic life of the classroom; (4) commitment of leadership is essential; (5) local variability is the rule; (6) embedded structures are more relevant to the teacher than formal structures; and (7) resources do not predict outcome. An examination of characteristics of the Yellowhead schools in light of these requirements leads to the conclusion that a model for integration operates in the elementary schools, but that no working integration model exists for the high schools. High school teachers lag behind elementary school teachers in concept acceptance. Issues in developing a secondary school model are summarized, including preparation for life, individualized instruction, record-keeping, training and support, and involvement. One figure presents the evaluation model. (SLD)
Descriptors: Change Agents, Change Strategies, Disabilities, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Heterogeneous Grouping, Mainstreaming, Models, Program Evaluation, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Social Integration, Special Education, Student Placement, Synthesis
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A