ERIC Number: ED352392
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
An Analysis of Statewide NRT Programs.
Hewett, Stephenie M.; Brady, Mary Ella
State program practices in norm-referenced testing (NRT) are described as found in the 1990-91 school year and prior years to provide information on years of administration of the same test and the age of the norms. All 50 State Departments of Education were surveyed in 2 stages. States without NRT were asked to described their testing policies; and those with NRT were asked test name, editions, grades tested, and first year of administration. Only two states provided charts of the tests administered, and information on the programs before the 1980s was often incomplete. In 1991, 29 states had statewide NRT programs, most of which tested target populations in the spring. The oldest mandatory program began in 1955, although optional statewide testing existed in many states before mandatory programs were established. Four of five states gave one of three tests (Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills, Iowa Tests of Basic Skills, and Stanford Achievement Tests). Of the 29 states, 23 gave the most current edition to the researchers and the others used the immediate prior edition. A majority (57%) used NRTs normed 3 years previously, but just over one-third used norms 6 years old. Across all states, the average number of years of administration of the same test was 3.6 years. It is recommended that NRTs be renormed in 3-year cycles, and that tests be adopted for 3- or 4-year cycles. Three tables contain survey data. Appendix A lists the tests used by state. Appendix B lists the grades and subtests by state. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: A previous version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Educational Research Association (15th, Hilton Head, SC, March 5-9, 1992).