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ERIC Number: ED352337
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Women in Intercollegiate Sport: A Longitudinal Study--Fifteen Year Update 1977-1992.
Acosta, R. Vivian; Carpenter, Linda Jean
With the enactment of Title IX in 1972, sports participation by female athletes in intercollegiate sports has generally increased, while leadership positions have decreased. The data summarized in this paper represent 15 years (1977-1992) of information on the status of women in intercollegiate athletics gathered in an on-going national study of all 4-year college and university members of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) with intercollegiate programs for women. Findings are organized into three sections: (1) Participation Opportunities for Women--average number of sports offered for women is 7.09, up from 5.61 in 1977; the four most popular sports are basketball, volleyball, tennis, and cross country; (2) Status of Women as Coaches--only 48.3% of the coaches of women's teams are females (in 1972 when Title IX was passed 90% of coaches of women's teams were females; women hold 58.7% of the paid assistant coaching positions and 53.1% of unpaid; the number of head coaching jobs for women's teams increased by 812 over the the last 10 years but women hold only 181 of these coaching jobs whereas men held 631 more as coaches of women's teams; where the head administrator is a female, 50.8% of the coaches of women's teams are female but when the head administrator is a male 46.4% are female; (3) Status of Women as Administrators--only 16.8 of women's programs are headed by a female; women hold 30.8% of all administrative jobs in women's programs; no females at all are involved in the administration of 27.8% of women's programs; all competitive divisions increased the number of administrators within their programs between 1990 and 1992 but the percentage of administrative jobs held by women in 1992 went down. (LL)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Amendments 1972; Title IX Education Amendments 1972