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ERIC Number: ED352241
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-May
Pages: 176
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Academic Performance, Acculturation and Ethnic Identity Traits of First and Second Generation Mexican-American High School Students in a Rural Iowa Town.
Iber, George Leland
This study analyzes how acculturation and ethnic identity traits of first- and second-generation Mexican-American high school students in West Liberty, Iowa, correlate with their academic performance. The analysis tests the educational theories of educational anthropologists John Ogbu and Henry Trueba, to determine the extent to which these theories were applicable to the experience of high school students in West Liberty. This study hypothesized that Ogbu's cultural-ecological theory would be supported if second generation Mexican-American students performed less well academically than first generation students due to an acquired "oppositional cultural frame of reference." The study further hypothesized that Trueba's cultural-discontinuinty/cultural dissonance theory would be supported if the second-generation Mexican-American students displayed higher academic performance than first-generation students and did not display an "oppositional cultural frame of reference." Twenty-eight Mexican-American students were surveyed to determine their grade point averages, acculturation traits, and ethnic identity traits using Keefe and Padilla's "Chicano Ethnicity" questionnaire. The findings indicated that both first- and second-generation students were successful in this rural school setting. The study provides no evidence to support either Ogbu's "oppositional cultural frame of reference" toward schooling, or Trueba's "cultural dissonance" theory. These findings cannot be explained by either educational theory alone, and contradict many statistical reports about Mexican-American academic achievement. The study concludes that environmental factors, not cultural traits, may be far more significant in determining academic success than previously thought. (Author/TES)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iowa