ERIC Number: ED352236
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Jul-27
Reference Count: N/A
Assisting Native Americans in Assuring the Survival and Continuing Vitality of Their Languages. Report To Accompany S. 2044. Senate, 102d Congress, 2d Session.
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs.
Past U.S. policies toward Indian and other Native American languages have attempted to suppress the use of the languages in government-operated Indian schools for assimilating Indian children. About 155 Native languages are spoken today in the United States, but only 20 are spoken by people of all ages. The Native American Languages Act of 1990 and the Alaska Native Language Act of 1990 recognize that language is the basis of Native culture and identity. They outline federal policy for preserving and promoting the rights of Native Americans regarding their languages but do not authorize grants for tribally designed and operated language survival and revitalization programs. The Native American Languages Act of 1992 would authorize funds for the Administration for Native Americans (ANA) to award competitive grants to tribal governments and Native American organizations for Native language development and preservation, including establishment of language training programs, development of materials, purchase of recording equipment and computers, transcription and analysis of oral testimony, and conversion of existing facilities. This report includes section by section analysis of the Act, cost estimates, and ANA testimony supporting the Act's aims but criticizing the establishment of a new grant program. (SV)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs.