ERIC Number: ED352231
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Fear in Outdoor Education: The Influence of Gender and Program.
Young, Anderson B.; Ewert, Alan
The purpose of this study was to identify and measure the situational fears and anxieties held by participants before, during, and after participation in an outdoor program. Subjects in the study were college students with recreation and physical education majors, who were completing separate, but similar Outdoor Education Practicum (OEP) courses at the Cortland College Outdoor Education Center in the Adirondacks (New York). The purpose of the OEP is to improve students' appreciation of the natural environment and to help them acquire skills related to centralized camping, trip camping, and outdoor pursuits. From 42 different outdoor program trips, 380 participants completed the Situational Fear Inventory. Results indicate that social-based fears, such as not meeting the expectations of others and letting others down, were higher than physical-based fears. Gender differences existed at all three points of measurement (beginning, middle, and end), with females consistently reporting higher levels of anxiety. All fear levels were reduced, as a result of the program participation, with 71.6% being significantly reduced. In most instances, the degree and significance of fear reductions were similar for men and women. It was found that social fears were more resistant to change, with only 42.9% significantly reduced. (LP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Coalition for Education in the Outdoors, Cortland, NY.