ERIC Number: ED352230
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
A Psychological Rationale for Adventure Therapy with Hospitalized Adolescents.
Gillis, H. L.; And Others
The purpose of this study was to examine the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) profiles of two treatment populations and present a theoretical rationale for using adventure therapy. Data for the first group were obtained from the psychological testing records of 150 randomly selected inpatients (81 males, 69 females) treated on a 20-bed adolescent unit of a private psychiatric hospital during a 3-year period. Data from the second group were obtained from 47 participants (36 males, 9 females) in an adventure-based residential treatment facility. The ages of both groups ranged from 12 to 17 years. The results with WISC-R subscales indicate that both groups of adolescents demonstrated relative strengths in verbal concept formation and information processing. Relative weaknesses for both groups included their learning ability and knowledge related to academic scholarship and their ability to provide answers to given social situations. The data suggests that both groups of adolescents were poorly equipped to deal with verbally-mediated attempts to develop insights, to self-reflect or to consider the perspective of others. This study suggests that traditional insight-oriented intervention strategies are perhaps "going against the grain" of the adolescent's intellectual structure and may lead to increased feelings of frustration, inferiority, and disappointment for both therapist and adolescent. The data from this study support using an experientially-based therapy approach such as adventure therapy, as a primary therapeutic treatment for adolescents similar to those in this study. (LP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Coalition for Education in the Outdoors, Cortland, NY.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children