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ERIC Number: ED352211
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Pages: 88
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Increasing Personal Efficacy of Parents, Guardians, and Caregivers of Preschool Children through Empowerment Activities.
Stowers, Mary M.
This practicum paper describes an intervention to help parents increase their sense of empowerment. Expected outcomes of the intervention were that parents would: (1) increase their knowledge of concepts related to empowerment, such as control and nurturance; (2) experience a shift from an external to an internal locus of control; (3) observe an increase in autonomy in their children; and (4) decrease their need to control their children. The intervention consisted of a training session at which information on decision making, control, nurturance, and empowerment was presented. After the session, activity sheets were sent on a weekly basis to parents. These sheets described activities, such as affirming positive feelings and setting goals, that foster the development of a sense of empowerment. The intervention concluded with an interview of the parents. Outcomes were measured by 10-item pre- and post-tests, a checklist of beliefs about external or internal control, an autonomy scale for children, and a survey of attitudes toward children. Results of these measures indicated that none of the four expected outcomes was met. However, parents reported some worthwhile outcomes of the intervention. A 21-item reference list is provided. Appendices include copies of the measures used to assess the results of the intervention and copies of the activity sheets used during the intervention. (BC)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Practicum Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A