ERIC Number: ED352179
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-May
Reference Count: N/A
An Outcomes Based Evaluation of the Sustaining Effects of Chapter 1 Participation Using Measures of Regular Education Performance in Grades Kindergarten through Five.
Schermer, Douglas G.
This study examined the effects of participation in Chapter 1 programs on students' educational outcomes. A total of 52 students at an elementary school in Maquoketa, Iowa, were divided into a primary group of students who participated in a Chapter 1 program during grades 1 or 2; an intermediate group of students who participated in a Chapter 1 program during grades 3, 4, or 5; and a nonparticipant group. Several educational outcomes were assessed from kindergarten through grade 5. The relationships between several demographic variables and students' participation in Chapter 1 programs were determined. The following results are reported: (1) the intermediate group exhibited lower IQ scores than the primary and nonparticipant groups; (2) the intermediate group scored lower than the primary and nonparticipant groups on measures of reading proficiency; (3) primary and intermediate group children were assigned to classroom reading groups of an average or below average level; (4) intermediate group children had lower grade point averages in science and social studies in grades 4 and 5 than nonparticipating children; and (5) the intermediate group received lower teacher ratings of work habits than the primary and nonparticipant groups. It is concluded that Chapter 1 participation has a sustained effect on students' educational outcomes. A 29-item reference list is provided. Copies of student progress reports are appended. (BC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attendance, Demography, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Grade Point Average, Intelligence Quotient, Longitudinal Studies, Outcomes of Education, Program Effectiveness, Reading Achievement, Special Education, Student Attitudes, Student Improvement, Student Motivation, Student Placement
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Consolidation Improvement Act Chapter 1