ERIC Number: ED351650
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Gender Bias in Initial Perceptions and Subsequent Hiring Decisions.
Morris, Scott B.; And Others
Much of the research on sex bias looks at impressions at a single point in time. However, impressions are often changed as information is accumulated. This study attempted to look at the dynamic nature of impression formation. Impressions of both male and female job applicants were measured before and after subjects had an opportunity to view relevant information about the applicant, and the amount of information used by each subject was recorded. Subjects were 72 male and 85 female volunteers from an introductory psychology course at a large midwestern university. Subjects were given minimal information about a male or female job applicant, and then rated the person on several traits. The traits were summed to form three scales: male sex-typed, female sex-typed, and sex-neutral. Subjects then made a selection decision. They were then allowed to access more information, and change their ratings. The results provided no evidence that the subjects formed stereotypic impressions of the applicant, and no indication of bias against women in the selection decision. There was some indication that subjects rated opposite sex applicants lower than same sex applicants on the trait ratings, but this bias decreased after subjects viewed the positive additional information. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (100th, Washington, DC, August 14-18, 1992).