ERIC Number: ED351560
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
The Meaning of Work: A High School Perspective.
Robinson, Jacquelyn P.; Shannon, David
Because of a recognition that the requirements of employees and the work values held by young people have been changing, a study was conducted to determine the meaning associated with work among high school consumer and homemaking home economics students. The effect of two independent variables, grade level and grade point average (GPA), was studied. Data were gathered from 230 students in grades 7-12, with an average age of 17; 40 percent were from rural schools and 60 percent attended urban schools. The survey was conducted through classroom administration of Part I of the Meaning and Value of Work scale developed by Kazanas (1975) and demographic information measures. Results following analysis of variance showed no significant main effects were revealed, although three main effects were revealed on three subscales. The study found that students with GPAs of B or below had a more global orientation than those with A averages. The study also found that students in 12th grade viewed work as less status oriented than students from the other high school grade levels. Students viewed work as more dependent upon society's expectations in earlier grades, and students with A averages viewed work as less dependent upon society's expectations. Further research taking into account more variables was suggested, along with increased career education. (15 references) (KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Knoxville, TN, November 11-13, 1992).