ERIC Number: ED351079
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
First-Generation College Students. ERIC Digest.
Hsiao, Karin Petersen
As a college degree becomes increasingly important for individuals seeking employment, the numbers of first-generation students continues to grow. With the first-generation student pool comprised largely of members of working class families, ethnic minorities, women, and or adults, community colleges have always viewed first-generation students as a primary clientele. One of the greatest challenges confronted by first-generation students is that college attendance represents a departure from the pattern established by family and friends, who may in turn become non-supportive or obstructionist. This problem can be particularly difficult for traditional-age students who continue to live at home. First-generation students are often less well prepared for college than their classmates from college-educated families. In addition to being less prepared academically, such students often have insufficient knowledge of time-management techniques; the economic realities of college life; and the impersonal, bureaucratic nature of educational institutions. Among the strategies which colleges can employ to assist first-generation students are: (1) specialized outreach, tutoring, and mentoring programs; (2) bridge programs, linking high schools and post-secondary institutions to help students confront the obstacles to successful college preparation; and (3) college-orientation classes reviewing practical skills, college procedures, and available support services. For first-generation adult students, suggested instructional strategies include placing an emphasis on critical and analytical thinking skills, and offering interdisciplinary courses centered on specific themes. (PAA)
Descriptors: Adult Students, College Preparation, Community Colleges, Educationally Disadvantaged, Family Characteristics, First Generation College Students, Nontraditional Education, Nontraditional Students, Program Descriptions, School Holding Power, Student Adjustment, Student Educational Objectives, Student Personnel Services, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Junior Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.