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ERIC Number: ED350144
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship of Science Self-Efficacy and Gender to Ninth Grade Students' Intentions To Enroll in Elective Science Courses.
Tippins, Deborah J.
The selection of elective science courses during high school is believed to act as a filter to future participation in science. This study investigated the research hypothesis that science self-efficacy and gender may be related to ninth grade student intentions to take elective science courses during high school. In this study, the Test of Science Self-Efficacy was developed and administered to ninth grade students in eight Texas high schools. The instrument was designed to assess science self-efficacy for technical skills, tasks, problems and science-related coursework. Students (n=817) were asked to complete this test and a more general academic Student Self-Efficacy Scale. The data were analyzed using correlational procedures. Science self-efficacy was found to be only slightly related to general student self-efficacy, providing support for the proposed domain-specific nature of efficacy beliefs in scientific fields. A small, but statistically significant difference was found between males and females in science self-efficacy, with males scoring higher. Statistically significant gender differences in intentionality were also found, indicating that males intended to take more science classes than females. It is concluded that science self-efficacy may differ from general academic self-efficacy. Males have a slightly higher level of science self-efficacy and intend to take more science classes. (Contains 36 references.) (PR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 1991).