ERIC Number: ED349911
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr-4
Upward Mobility of Female Accountants and Academics: From the Personal to the Structural.
Eckstein, Rick; Carcello, Joseph V.
This paper presents empirical documentation on the under-representation of women partners in public accounting firms and of women full professors in academia. Arguments are based on results of a cohort model which examined women's careers from the time they entered a profession until the time they should have been promoted to either partner or full professor. The analysis suggests that most conventional (and some academic) workplace discrimination is rooted in an overly individualistic approach, i.e., attitudes of the men and women involved generate barriers to women's upward mobility. Proponents of the individualistic approach claim the concept of self-selection is the real problem confronting women in the workplace, i.e., the idea that women's problems in upward mobility are due more to their career decisions and that better decisions on their part would lead to more rewards. This paper rejects that argument by suggesting it is an attempt to blame women for the organizational, institutional, and ideological discrimination they frequently face in the workplace. It is suggested that a more structural, less personal analysis of workplace discrimination will be more helpful in successfully addressing these problems in the near and distant future. Contains 32 references. (GLR)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the Eastern Sociological Society (62nd, Arlington, VA, April 3-5, 1992).