ERIC Number: ED349869
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-May
Reference Count: N/A
Organizational Culture and Effectiveness in Two-Year Colleges. AIR 1992 Annual Forum Paper.
Smart, John C.; Hamm, Russell E.
A study was done to determine the extent to which effectiveness among a nationally representative sample of two-year colleges differs in terms of their dominant type of organizational culture. The study was based on a survey of 1,332 faculty and administrators in 30 colleges. Of these, 662 usable responses were received. Analysis yielded the following distribution of dominant culture types among the 30 colleges: clan (n=10), adhocracy (n=7), hierarchy (n=10), and market (n=3). Clan cultures emphasize shared values, goals, and the development of human resources; adhocracy emphasizes entrepreneurship, growth, and adaptability; hierarchy emphasizes the norms and values associated with bureaucracy (order and uniformity); and market cultures emphasize competitiveness, environmental interaction, and customer orientation. The findings demonstrated wide differences in effectiveness, and the differences were consistent with the colleges' conceptual rationale. The perceived effectiveness of two-year colleges was strongly related to their dominant organizational culture types when controlling for size and level of financial difficulty. Colleges with the adhocracy culture were perceived to be the most effective while clan or market culture colleges occupied a mid-range. Included are 2 tables and 27 references. (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A