ERIC Number: ED349844
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Teaching Science to English Learners, Grades 4-8. NCBE Program Information Series Guide 11.
Fathman, Ann K.; And Others
This guide is intended to help teachers plan, design, and implement science activities for students learning English as a Second Language (ESL) in grades 4-8, in mainstream science classes, ESL classes, bilingual education programs, and also to help others serving this population. Steps for designing science experiments that integrate language and science content effectively are presented. The activities included have been used successfully with this group. Principles of learning and teaching proposed by the American Association for the Advancement of Science are enumerated and explained, and specific strategies for integrating language and science are outlined, including teacher collaboration, student collaboration, modifying language for clarity, using material that is meaningful to students, adapting science materials for student language proficiency levels, using language teaching techniques, and varying instructional strategies according to student proficiency. A discussion of the design of science activities for ESL students offers a model procedure in which science concepts are examined through three activity types: teacher demonstration, then group investigation, and finally, individual investigation. Appropriate science concepts and language functions are discussed. Sample activities on heat, animals, and plants using this procedure are outlined in detail. A 24-item bibliography is included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Class Activities, Classroom Techniques, Curriculum Development, English (Second Language), Instructional Design, Interdisciplinary Approach, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Language Proficiency, Limited English Speaking, Science Activities, Science Instruction, Second Language Instruction, Student Evaluation
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education, Washington, DC.