ERIC Number: ED349750
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
SKI*HI Home-Based Programming for Children with Hearing Impairments: Demographics, Child Identification, and Program Effectiveness, 1979-1991.
Strong, Carol J.; And Others
SKI*HI is a program designed to identify children with hearing impairments as early as possible and to provide them and their families with complete home programming that will facilitate development. The delivery model includes identification/screening services, home visit services, support services, and program management. A parent advisor makes weekly home visits to families and works closely with parents and other members of a multidisciplinary team to assess, plan, and provide appropriate home-based services for all family members. Data concerning demographic characteristics, testing, identification procedures, and program placement were gathered for 5,178 hearing-impaired preschool children and their families in the SKI*HI program and entered into the SKI*HI National Data Bank. Analysis and synthesis of these data were then conducted to study the relationship of child achievement and home-based intervention, the effectiveness of identification procedures for hearing loss, and impact of home-based intervention on language development. The study concluded that the major accomplishments of SKI*HI were: (1) SKI*HI children showed higher rates of development during intervention than prior to intervention and greater gains in receptive and expressive language development than would be expected due to maturation alone; (2) SKI*HI children showed increased auditory, communication/language, and vocabulary developmental levels and increased full-time hearing aid use; (3) SKI*HI parents showed increased ability to manage their child's hearing handicap, communicate meaningfully with their child, and promote their child's cognitive development; and (4) SKI*HI children were identified at an early age and began to receive home programming services promptly after identification. Appendixes contain data sheets, data coding conventions, a questionnaire, and other project administration materials. (Contains approximately 85 references, and 150 tables.) (JDD)
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Cognitive Development, Communication Skills, Early Intervention, Expressive Language, Handicap Identification, Hearing Aids, Hearing Impairments, Home Programs, Interdisciplinary Approach, Language Acquisition, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Education, Parent Participation, Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Receptive Language, Screening Tests, Vocabulary Development
SKI*HI Institute, Department of Communicative Disorders, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322-1900.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Utah State Univ., Logan. Dept. of Communicative Disorders.