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ERIC Number: ED349696
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Sep
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Policies in a Comparative Perspective: Suggestions for a Research Agenda. IIEP Contributions, No. 6.
Hallak, Jacques
Over recent decades, comparative analyses of educational problems or policies have become more common. This paper, which focuses on Western European countries, argues that comparative studies that are carefully designed, conducted, and used are essential for the improvement of educational policy and decision making. Comparative analyses are becoming mandatory for many governments due to steadily increasing international communication and interdependence, which generates a growing need for standardization, consistency, and compatibility in all fields. Also the effects of "Europeanization" and accelerated sociopolitical changes in Eastern Europe must be considered. Given the central policy roles of governments in all countries, the state's evolving role is a high-priority concern. By exploring common, specific trends in different contexts and their respective implications, comparative studies can help elucidate the possibilities and limits for state and public agency improvement efforts. The functions of financing, administration and management, quality control, and regulation evolving in industrialized countries in Europe, America, and the Pacific are discussed, along with implications for educational planning. Planning must become less rigid; recognize "hard trends" and demographic changes; adopt flexible budgeting; and stress monitoring, regulation, and evaluation roles. Appendices present European Community education and training guidelines and community educational program highlights. (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). International Inst. for Educational Planning.
Identifiers - Location: Europe