ERIC Number: ED349658
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
The Critical Role of the Superintendent in School Reform.
Findings of a study that examined the relationship between superintendents' leadership styles and educational change are presented in this paper, with a focus on the implementation of the EDUCATION 2000 National Model Schools Network, a site-based school improvement and restructuring initiative of the American Forum for Global Education. The project seeks to identify student needs for the 21st century and to design a comprehensive K-12 curriculum plan to meet those needs. Data were collected from observations, documents, and interviews with superintendents and steering committee members in a rural and an urban school district. Findings suggest that contextual factors, such as appropriateness of the proposed innovation and reasons for commitment to the project, significantly affected initiation and implementation in both districts. The degree of superintendent involvement with key educational stakeholders influenced project outcomes, illustrating the superintendent's critical role in facilitating or inhibiting an environment conducive to change. The potential for institutionalizing educational change is greatly increased if the process includes the active involvement and unambiguous commitment of the superintendent, shared leadership roles, participatory decision-making critical inquiry, self-education, support of partners, and adequate time and resources. Three figures are included. (Contains 58 references.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A