ERIC Number: ED349476
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Job Accessibility and the Employment and School Enrollment of Teenagers.
Ihlanfeldt, Keith R.
This study examined how intraurban job accessibility and other factors impinged upon the employment and school enrollment decisions of teenagers. Prior research showed the magnitude of the black youth employment problem and how this problem has evolved over time. A review of the spatial mismatch literature provided strong and consistent support for Kain's three hypotheses regarding intrametropolitan job accessibility. The importance of job access to youth employment was estimated for the following groups: Black, White, and Hispanic youths; youths living in different-sized metropolitan areas; youths living in central city and suburban areas; youths with different family incomes; and youths in and out of school. Results showed that job access was important in explaining racial differences in youth employment rates in very large cities and the low employment rates of Hispanic youth. The poorer job access of central city youths when compared to suburban youth played a substantial role in explaining their lower employment rates. Results of a multinomial logit analysis strongly reinforced the conclusion that job access had strong effect on youth employment and revealed that better job access did not increase a teenager's probability of dropping out of high school and frequently resulted in higher enrollment rates. Two types of policy were recommended: policies to improve the minority teenager's knowledge of more distant job openings and policies to reduce the transportation costs these youth incur in commuting to more distant jobs. (Appendixes include 119 references and an index.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Blacks, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Problems, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment Rate, High Schools, Hispanic Americans, Labor Market, Minority Groups, Proximity, Suburban Youth, Unemployment, Urban Youth, Youth Employment, Youth Opportunities, Youth Problems
W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007 (cloth cover, ISBN-0-88099-125-0: $25; paperback, ISBN-0-88099-126-7: $15).
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.