ERIC Number: ED349413
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Jul-29
Reference Count: N/A
The Changing Workforce. Demographic Issues Facing Employers. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Census and Population, Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, United States House of Representatives.
Kleeman, Rosslyn S.
The civilian labor force has changed dramatically in recent decades and is expected to change even more. The most dramatic of recent demographic changes has been the entry of women into the workforce, particularly married women with children. More and more employers are offering child and elder care assistance, flexible work schedules, flexible benefits, parental leave, and other human resources programs to help their employees balance work and family responsibilities. Another demographic trend is the increasing representation of racial or ethnic minorities in the labor force. Some employers have initiated training programs to recognize the increasing cultural diversity of their workers. A third trend is the aging of the labor force, driven largely by the aging of the baby-boom generation. With the possibility of tight labor markets if large numbers of baby-boom generation workers leave the labor force, some employers have developed strategies to allow phased retirement and/or use the skills of retirees. All these demographic changes are also occurring in the federal workforce. The percentage of the federal workforce that was female rose faster between 1976 and 1990 than in the nonfederal sector. The federal workforce is also more minority based and older. Employers who have responded to changes and are anticipating those changes appear better positioned to prosper in the 21st century. (YLB)
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Demography, Employed Women, Employment Practices, Federal Government, Futures (of Society), Government Employees, Labor Force, Minority Groups, Personnel Policy, Population Trends, Private Sector, Retirement
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6017, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. General Government Div.