ERIC Number: ED349369
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Characteristics of At-Risk Students in NELS:88. National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988. Contractor Report.
Kaufman, Phillip; And Others
The study described in this report examined the characteristics of eighth-grade students who were at risk of school failure. The study used data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988, which is a large-scale, national longitudinal study begun in the spring of 1988 when 25,000 eighth graders attending public and private schools across the nation were surveyed along with the students' parents, teachers, and school principals. The students were re-surveyed in 1990, and the base year and follow-up data of NELS:88 taken together provide a wealth of information about eighth graders' as they move in and out of the U.S. school system and into the varied activities of early adolescence. This study, focused on at-risk students within the eighth grade cohort, examined the following sets of variables: (1) basic demographic characteristics; (2) family and personal background characteristics; (3) the amount of parental involvement in the student's education; (4) the students' academic history; (5) student behavioral factors; (6) teacher perceptions of the students; and (7) characteristics of the students' schools. Black, Hispanic American, and Native American students and students from low-socioeconomic backgrounds were more likely to be at-risk. Male eighth graders were more likely to have low basic skills, but were no more likely to drop out. After controlling for sex and socioeconomic status, Black and Hispanic American dropout rates were found to be the same as that for Whites. However, even when controlling for sex and economic status, Black and Hispanic American students were more likely than White students to perform below basic proficiency levels. Included are 15 tables in the text and 31 tables in 2 appendixes. (JB)
Descriptors: Academic Failure, American Indians, Black Students, Demography, Family Characteristics, Grade 8, High Risk Students, Hispanic Americans, Junior High Schools, Mathematics Achievement, Parent Participation, Potential Dropouts, Reading Achievement, Secondary School Students, Student Characteristics, White Students
U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers; Practitioners
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: MPR Associates, Berkeley, CA.