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ERIC Number: ED349350
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-May-18
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Racial Composition on Evaluations of Work Groups: Tokenism and Stereotyping.
Craig, K. M.; And Others
A study was done that investigated the effects of group composition on the activation of stereotypic evaluations. The effects of group composition on the subsequent activation of stereotypic processes in males and females was examined in a two (gender of subject) by three (photograph group composition: skewed, tilted, or balanced) design, with repeated measures on the latter factor. The composition of each of the photographs was varied to reflect a skewed group (token role occupants in a one-to-six ratio with majority group members), a tilted group (minority group members in a two-to-four ratio with majority group members), or a balanced group (minority and majority group members in a three-to-three ratio). Ninety-eight male and female college student volunteers were randomly assigned to view photographs of three different groups in tilted, balanced, or skewed arrangements. The reported analysis included only the 84 subjects who were white. Each subject saw and was asked to respond to three different photographic slides and asked to rate the attractiveness of each person included in each of the slides. Participants also read a brief description of three companies that provided the slides. Results, discussed in terms of the impact on the black target person, included the following: (1) judgments about a token or minority group member in a work group may influence subsequent judgments of minority group members; (2) groups that contain fewer blacks are presumed to be more efficient than groups with less extreme minority to majority group member ratios; (3) blacks in integrated groups were evaluated more harshly; and (4) whites in integrated groups were evaluated more favorably. Included are 14 references and an appendix containing 1 table. (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (38th, Knoxville, TN, March 25-28, 1992).