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ERIC Number: ED349323
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Methods and Materials for Geography Education Improvement through Innovative, Machine-Scored Assessment.
Hyers, Albert D.; Anderson, Paul S.
Using matched pairs of geography questions, a new testing method for machine-scored fill-in-the-blank, multiple-digit testing (MDT) questions was compared to the traditional multiple-choice (MC) style. Data were from 118 matched or parallel test items for 4 tests from 764 college students of geography. The new method produced superior results when measured by three widely accepted education statistics: (1) item difficulty; (2) item discrimination; and (3) test reliability (Kudor-Richardson Formula 20). MDT equivalents of world geography MC questions were more difficult and had 14% better discrimination. Map location questions were much easier than concept questions regardless of style. Furthermore, in contrast to the traditional MC format, the MDT method more clearly identified marginal examinees as indicated by standardized tests and especially by cumulative grade point averages. The analysis suggests that the MDT method fosters increased learning of geography because it discourages guessing and recognition as examination strategies. Geography teachers can effectively and easily use this method. Two tables and seven figures illustrate the discussion. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A