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ERIC Number: ED349305
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Dec
Pages: 36
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
What Is the Impact of Heterogeneous Grouping versus Homogeneous Grouping on Secondary School Student Performance? Technical Report Submitted to the Morgan School, Clinton, CT.
Schindelman, Laura; Szoo, Jennifer
Based on a review of current literature, this report provides information on the impact of heterogeneous grouping versus homogeneous grouping on secondary student performance. Following a definition of ability grouping and arguments for and against its employment in current educational practice, the document examines five significant factors influenced by grouping: (1) achievement and how it is measured; (2) the effect of heterogeneous and homogeneous grouping on students' self-concept; (3) expectancies and attitudes, defined as the hopes and ideas brought into a classroom by both students and teachers on how well they will succeed and how much they will learn; (4) the influence of socioeconomic status on ability grouping; and (5) opportunities for learning, equated with equal access to quality education. Results of the review suggest that ability grouping is not necessarily harmful, but the practice unsupported by an overall educational purpose can lead to unclear effects on student educational outcomes, and that any school seeking to re-evaluate grouping systems should take into consideration student body composition, the purpose of ability group placement, and the desired educational outcomes. (26 references) (LL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A