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ERIC Number: ED349118
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Social and Isolate Toys on the Social Interactions of Preschool-Aged Children in a Naturalistic Setting.
Kallam, Michael; Rettig, Michael
A total of 26 handicapped and nonhandicapped preschool children between 3 and 5 years of age were grouped into play groups of three or four children and observed playing in the groups over a 7-week period. Children were provided with toys that were identified as social, such as dolls or wooden building blocks, or isolate, such as puzzles and books. In each observation session, data were collected on each subject by means of a 10-second time sampling technique that was used over a 5-minute interval. Social interactions or their absence were recorded. Results indicated that, for all ages, children who played with social toys exhibited more social interaction than did children who played with isolate toys. Among children who played with social toys, 5-year-olds exhibited more social interactions than did 3- or 4-year-olds. Handicapped children exhibited a greater difference in the number of social interactions in the social toy and the isolate toy conditions than did nonhandicapped children. When playing with either type of toy, nonhandicapped children exhibited more social interactions than did handicapped children. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Fort Hays State Univ., KS.
Authoring Institution: N/A