ERIC Number: ED349102
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
At Risk Does Not Mean Doomed. National Health/Education Consortium Occasional Paper #4.
Ramey, Craig T.; Ramey, Sharon Landesman
Three early educational intervention programs designed to prevent mental retardation and to improve school readiness are profiled. The Abecedarian Project was begun as an experiment to test whether mental retardation, allegedly caused by inadequate environments, could be prevented by providing intensive preschool programs to children from birth to entrance into kindergarten. Project CARE compared home-based and center-based early intervention. The Infant Health and Development Program was built upon the intervention techniques of the other two programs, but included infants who were born prematurely and at low birth weight. Results from all three programs indicated that children who received center-based intervention had higher IQ scores at 3 years of age than control group children. Children who received the early intervention in the Abecedarian Project continued to exhibit higher IQ scores than control group children at age 12. Suggested practices for improving disadvantaged children's everyday lives include: (1) encouraging exploration; (2) mentoring basic skills; (3) reinforcing developmental advances; (4) rehearsing new skills; (5) avoiding inappropriate disapproval, teasing, and punishment; and (6) providing a responsive language environment. A 16-item reference list is provided. Appended materials include policy recommendations of the National Health/Education Consortium (NHEC); a description of the NHEC; and a list of NHEC members. (BC)
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Birth Weight, Children, Cognitive Development, Early Childhood Education, Early Intervention, Intelligence Quotient, Longitudinal Studies, Mental Retardation, Premature Infants, Preschool Education, Program Descriptions, School Readiness
National Commission to Prevent Infant Mortality, 330 C Street, SW, Switzer Building, Room 2014, Washington, DC 20201 ($5).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Prudential Foundation, Newark, NJ.
Authoring Institution: Institute for Educational Leadership, Washington, DC.; National Commission To Prevent Infant Mortality, Washington, DC.; National Health Education Consortium, Washington, DC.; Alabama Univ., Birmingham. Civitan International Research Center.