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ERIC Number: ED348842
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
"The Arm of the Chair Is Where You Use For To Write": Developing Strategic Competence in a Second Language.
Tarone, Elaine
The distinction between grammatical, sociolinguistic, and strategic competence as components of communicative competence is useful for helping students develop spoken language skills in English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction. When individual speakers demonstrate strategic competence, they will use a range of expressions based on: (1) the speaker's linguistic knowledge; (2) the speaker's knowledge of the world; and (3) the speaker's assessment of the listener's linguistic and world knowledge. Native speakers and non-native speakers will differ in the degree of specificity or detail they require to encode the message. Teachers can learn more about the effective use of communication strategies by observing which ones native speakers select and how they use them. They can then use this knowledge to choose classroom activities likely to promote development of strategic competence. This could include providing specific elicitation materials and avoiding open topics for oral communication (e.g., "What did you do on vacation?"); creating situations for natural interaction; providing core vocabulary useful for the strategies of circumlocution and approximation; and requiring students to assess the success of various strategies. A brief bibliography is included. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A