ERIC Number: ED348587
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Differences in Social Support between Rural and Urban Communities.
Lemke, Lynn A.; And Others
Traditionally, a "rural" community refers to a community with low population density, which is relatively isolated from a metropolitan area, and which is economically based around the agriculture industry. This is in contrast to the "urban" community, which refers to a community with high population density or to one that is contained within or adjacent to a metropolitan center, with the economy based on a variety of industries. This study examined differences in the social support systems of men and women in urban and rural communities. Specific variables related to social support systems which served as the focus for the study included: wanted and expressed inclusion, control, and affection; the amount of affection, affirmation, and material aid received; and the longevity of relationships, the frequency of contact, and the total number of people in the social support system. Males (N=40) and females (N=40) from a rural midwest setting and males (N=40) and females (N=40) from an urban midwest setting were assessed on these variables using the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behavior instrument (FIRO-B) and the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire. The results indicated significant urban/rural differences related to wanted and expressed inclusion and frequency of contact with the social support system. Significant gender differences were found for the expressed control and the longevity of the relationships. No significant gender by setting interactional effects were found for any of the variables. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (100th, Washington, DC, August 14-18, 1992).