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ERIC Number: ED348512
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Regional and Subcultural Determinants of Adolescents' Routes into Occupational Life: An English-German Comparison.
Behrens, Martina; And Others
A research project studied 4 selected matched samples of 160 youths each, aged 16-19 years, from 2 towns in England and 2 in Germany in order to compare the youths' experience of job training and the school-to-work transition. Two expanding towns--Swindon, England, and Paderborn, Germany--were paired, as were Liverpool and Bremen. Whereas Liverpool and Bremen had been experiencing unemployment and economic decline, Swindon and Paderborn had expanding economies. Four career trajectories were constructed for the youths across both countries. The trajectories predicted youths in the following categories: (1) in the academic mainstream leading toward higher education; (2) in training and education leading to skilled employment; (3) in other forms of education and training leading to semiskilled employment; or (4) in unskilled jobs or remedial training schemes or unemployed. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of employment experiences and outcomes of young people in the four towns coupled with local area information enabled contextualized analyses to be given of different types of transition. Some of the findings of the study were that German youths were most likely to be still in school or in job training, since their system had much more stringent requirements for entry-level jobs than did the British system. The study also found that across the four trajectories, British youths were more optimistic than German youths about their prospects for employment and future opportunities, perhaps because their less-structured training made them more self-reliant and less dependent on the continuation of the occupations for which they had trained. (14 references) (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany; United Kingdom (England); United Kingdom (Liverpool)