ERIC Number: ED348491
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Jul
Integration of Vocational and Academic Education: Theory and Practice.
Plihal, Jane; And Others
Integration of vocational and academic education at the secondary level has been suggested as a way to strengthen students' education. Concerns about the vocational-academic split found in high schools center around human rights issues; economic competitiveness dependent on strengthened education; and graduates unprepared for life, work, or college. Curriculum theorists discuss three ways to organize a subject curriculum (correlated curriculum, fused curriculum, and broad fields curriculum) and two alternatives to the subject curriculum (core curriculum and activity curriculum). The literature indicates considerable activity directed toward integrating vocational and academic education. The most frequent type is the emphasis on basic academic skills in vocational courses. Three dimensions of the method for accomplishing the integration have been identified: content blend, teacher arrangement, and program of study. The scope of curriculum integration can be thought of in terms of breadth of exposure and exposure time. Motives for integration are the needs of society, teachers, students, and administration. Issues that require study are what should be integrated, who should benefit, what the desired outcome is, and how efforts should be evaluated. Three possible scenarios illustrate the potential breadth and depth of vocational and academic integration: vocational roles, vocational methods, and unabashed vocational emphasis. (Appendixes include 275 references for the paper, tables, and related literature and 2 integration models.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Basic Skills, Curriculum Design, Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational Practices, Educational Research, Educational Theories, Educational Trends, High Schools, Integrated Curriculum, Models, Vocational Education
National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Materials Distribution Service, Horrabin Hall 46, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL 61455 (order no. MDS-065: $5.95).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.