ERIC Number: ED348267
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Cooperative Learning and Achievement in Social Studies: Jigsaw II.
Mattingly, Robert M.; VanSickle, Ronald L.
Cooperative learning generally refers to students working together to achieve academic objectives and the instructional procedures that structure the students' collaborative efforts. Jigsaw is a cooperative learning model that involves small gruops of 5-6 students teaching each other subject matter about which they have become "experts" with success dependent upon student cooperation. Previous studies have shown Jigsaw to be an ineffective cooperative technique. In this study, a variation of Jigsaw called Jigsaw II was used to see if the modified version would produce superior academic results when compared to a more conventional whole-class instructional process. Two ninth grade geography classes at a U.S. Department of Defense high school in Germany were the treatment groups. The two classes were assigned randomly to Jigsaw II (n=23) and to conventional, whole class (n=22) instructional treatments. Based on pretest and posttest results, the study concluded that superior academic achievement may be reached through proper employment of Jigsaw II. Two instructional conditions must be met for small group cooperative learning to be consistently effective. First, students in a learning group must work toward a group goal and reward that can be achieved only if they work together cooperatively. Second, students must be publicly accountable to their peers for their individual contributions to the achievement of the group's goal. A 19-item list of references is included, and two resources for teachers interested in cooperative learning techniques are suggested. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A