ERIC Number: ED347868
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Ending Mandatory Retirement for Tenured Faculty: The Consequences for Higher Education.
Hammond, P. Brett, Ed.; Morgan, Harriet P., Ed.
This report discusses whether the special circumstances of tenured faculty in higher education justify a continued exception to the national policy prohibiting age discrimination in employment, and examines a number of practical steps that are available or could be made available to address the problems raised by the elimination of mandatory retirement. Among the topics discussed are: the effects of uncapping on faculty retirement; faculty performance and institutional quality; pensions, retirement programs and costs; and retirement incentive programs. Two key conclusions are presented: (1) at most colleges and universities, few tenured faculty would continue working past age 70 if mandatory retirement is eliminated; and (2) at some research universities, a high proportion of faculty would choose to work past age 70 if mandatory retirement is eliminated. Committee recommendations include suggestions for continuing retirement income; the adoption of policies by Congress, the Internal Revenue Service, and the Equal Opportunity Commission concerning employer contributions based on estimated level of pension income; and minimum and maximum goals for inflation-protected pension income for better resource allocation and the limiting of inadvertent incentives to postpone retirement. Appendices include a description of study methods, discussion of national faculty databases, and a summary of the characteristics of institutions and faculty, and biographical sketches of committee members and staff. Contains 108 references. (GLR)
Descriptors: Age Discrimination, Aging in Academia, College Faculty, Federal Legislation, Health Care Costs, Higher Education, Incentives, Inflation (Economics), Job Performance, Mandatory Retirement, Policy Formation, Research, Retirement Benefits, Teacher Retirement, Tenured Faculty
National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20418 ($20 U.S.; $24 Export).
Publication Type: Books; Collected Works - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Policymakers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education.
Note: Prepared by the Committee on Mandatory Retirement in Higher Education.