ERIC Number: ED347856
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Missing Link: Community-Based Organization Participation in ESL/Civics Classes.
This memorandum discusses the need for civics and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction as a result of the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986. IRCA provides an opportunity for illegal aliens to obtain legal resident status by successfully completing a test of English proficiency and a test of U.S. history and government, or by attending approved English and civics courses. The memorandum is designed: (1) to inform community groups about the situation of IRCA-generated demand for ESL/civics courses and to give recommendations to policymakers regarding needed action; and (2) to assess the policy implications of recent developments and provide recommendations to state, local, and federal policymakers. Immediate, firm policy intervention is recommended to avoid a potential supply/demand crisis that may undermine the progress achieved with the first (application) stage of legalization. An introductory section provides background information on the legislation process and its target audience, describing the Immigration and Naturalization Service interview procedure, the standardized tests used, and the ESL/civics course requirement. The supply/demand situation for the courses is then examined in some detail, and community organization participation and policy recommendations are addressed. Appended materials include timelines and data concerning application for the legalization program, and notes on exemptions from the ESL/civics courses. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council of La Raza, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Immigration Reform and Control Act 1986