ERIC Number: ED347679
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Measuring Student At-Riskness by Demographic Characteristics.
Peng, Samuel S.; Lee, Ralph M.
Findings of a study that examined the relationship between student demographic characteristics and at-risk status are presented in this paper. Demographic characteristics likely to place students at risk include low family income, low parental education, single-parent family, and limited-English proficiency. Data were derived from the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88), a survey sponsored by the National Center for Educational Statistics. The database provides information on 24,599 eighth-graders from 1,035 schools nationwide. A followup study of the same students was conducted during spring 1990. Findings indicate that over 50 percent of the eighth-graders in 1988 had at least one of the above characteristics, and about 12 percent had three or more such characteristics, confirming the concern that a significant number of students were at risk for academic failure. The percentage of such students was higher among racial/ethnic minorities and urban area students, indicating the need for greater educational improvement efforts in these populations. The study also examined the impact of multiple characteristics on school success, provided a basis for identifying at risk students, and made recommendations for preventive actions. Seven tables are included. (9 references) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-24, 1992).