ERIC Number: ED347461
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr-4
Sex Differences in Perceptions of the Implications of Power.
Nelson, Lori J.; And Others
Values are guiding principles in an individual's life that transcend situations and guide selection and evaluation of behaviors and events. Frequently women are assumed to be less likely than men to make use of power. Several explanations may account for any sex differences in power values or power behavior. Women have not traditionally been expected nor socialized to seek power or authority. Women are also not expected to desire power. In this study college students (N=83) in an introductory psychology course at Shippensburg University (Pennsylvania) responded to questions about their values and their attitudes on two issues, outlawing abortion and legalizing prostitution. Women placed more importance on benevolence and universalism values; however, only men seemed to view a contradiction between their own power and universalism. Women and men also had different beliefs about the implications of outlawing abortion and legalizing prostitution for their own power, and these beliefs seemed to influence their attitudes on these issues. In this study women placed more importance on the self-transcendent values than men did. However, these women seemed to have found a balance between self-transcendence and self-enhancement; they did not perceive a trade-off between the two. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (63rd, Boston, MA, April 3-5, 1992).