ERIC Number: ED347426
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-May
Stress, Locus of Control, and Age in College Women.
Markus, Colleen; Seal, Justine
Stress is the result of demand placed on the body by either positive or negative events. Locus of Control (LOC) refers to personal perception of the cause of events and reinforcement within the environment. Previous literature has indicated that low LOC scores are positively related to low stress scores. This study applied these concepts to female liberal arts college students (ages 18-23 years and 23 years and older). Students were given the Student Stress Scale and the Locus of Control Scale. The Student Stress Scale listed relevant student events, in descending order of stress, that could have occurred in a 6-month time frame. The LOC Scale consisted of 29 pairs of statements concerning the causes of success, failure, misfortune, and political events. A Pearson Correlation between Stress and LOC produced significant results indicating a relationship between Internalizers and low levels of stress. The t-test for independent groups revealed significant findings between traditional and non-traditional age students on LOC scores. This study supports Rotter's findings that individuals who received low LOC scores experienced low stress levels and that internal LOC increases from late adolescence to adulthood. A reason for the significant correlation in this research is that the stress test was designed specifically for students. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (63rd, Chicago, IL, May 2-4, 1991).