ERIC Number: ED347425
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Evaluations of a Date Rape Situation: Effects of Victim's Power Strategy, Rape Outcome, and Sex of Subject.
Stevens, Laura E.; DeLamarter, William A.
According to a recent study a rape occurs every 7 minutes and 60% of those rapes happen on dates. This study examined the impact of assault outcomes (rape, avoidance) and victim's power strategy (direct/bilateral, indirect/unilateral) on male and female evaluations of a date rape situation. College students (N=121) listened to a taped dialogue and answered a questionnaire which assessed their evaluation of the situation. The audiotape presented a re-enactment of a sexual assault incident, supposedly based on information given by both the assailant and the victim. Introductory remarks set the scene, indicated that the couple had been dating awhile, and indicated whether the rape occurred. In the direct/bilateral condition, the female argues with the male explaining why she is not ready to have sex. In the indirect/unilateral tape, the female objects but remains essentially passive. At the end of the tape, the male either leaves indignantly (rape avoidance) or rapes the female (rape outcome). As predicted rape elicited more negative evaluations than avoidance and direct/bilateral strategies were evaluated more positively than indirect/unilateral strategies. In addition, the two types of strategies were differentiated when they were successful, but they were not differentiated when they were unsuccessful. Empathy affected attributions of responsibility. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (62nd, New York, NY, April 11-14, 1991).