ERIC Number: ED347403
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Apprenticeship and the Future of the Work Force. ERIC Digest No. 124.
Wonacott, Michael E.
One promising practice for improving workplace preparation, apprenticeship, has been effective in preparing skilled workers for the changing needs of the workplace. Apprenticeship is a training strategy with eight components: it combines hands-on training on the job with related instruction; employer needs dictate programs; it is regulated by law; it leads to official credentials; time and money are invested by employer/sponsors; wages are provided during programs; apprentices work under master workers; and apprenticeship involves both written agreements and implicit expectations. Apprenticeship in the United States also provides upgrading and retraining for employed adults. U.S. apprenticeship is not a standardized institution. Programs registered with state or federal agencies offer apprenticeships in approximately 830 occupations. Apprenticeships should be more widely used as a training strategy and should be established in occupations/industries not now considered apprenticeable. Vocational-technical education should be more closely linked to apprenticeship components of earning and learning. The following benefits can accrue: full participation of learning and working is allowed; students understand the big picture; apprenticeships provide pay and advancement while working; work-based learning has an advantage for noncollege-bound youth; apprenticeships offer employer/sponsor benefits; and youth apprenticeships demonstrate the community educational role. The role of the federal government and education should be strengthened to increase program quality. (10 references) (NLA)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.