ERIC Number: ED347143
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Nov
Questions, Not Answers, Stimulate Critical Thinking.
Williams, Bonnie; And Others
Successful classroom questioning is an art that can be cultivated through practice. While teachers do use questions in classroom interaction with students, these questions tend to be lower order questions which only require recall or comprehension on the part of the students. Research suggests that teachers favor these lower order questions for three reasons: (1) students need to know facts before progressing to speculation or higher levels of thought; (2) school curriculum, by its nature, is more fact-oriented than thought-oriented; and (3) teachers lack the skills needed to formulate higher order questions. The most practical and expedient recommendations for improving or developing teachers' higher level questioning skills are linked to commonly accepted communication skills. Five recommendations for teachers are: use wait time; ask open-ended questions; involve all students; encourage conversation among students; and encourage students to elaborate. (IAH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Council of States on Inservice Education (Houston, TX, November 22-26, 1991).