ERIC Number: ED347105
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
The Measurement of Psychological Constructs in Peace Education.
Christie, Daniel J.
Peace education research typically is designed to evaluate the effects of a single lesson or a group of lessons (unit) on some attitudinal or learning outcomes. The current research was designed to evaluate a set of procedures for identifying a mix of peace education lessons that desirably impact on students. Three curriculum consultants were employed to review and rate more than 300 commercially available lessons in terms of the expected impact of each lesson on four psychological constructs: ethnocentrism, political efficacy, conflict resolution skills, and prosocial orientation. Subsequently, the most highly rated lessons for each construct were assembled into four curricula (units) and then field tested with a sample of 1,398 eighth through twelfth grade students. Students were assigned to one of the curriculum groups or to a no-curriculum control group. Measures of the four psychological constructs were administered in a pre-posttest fashion. Critical thinking, political orientation (liberal-conservative) and other measures were also obtained. Results indicated that while all the psychological measures were affected by some of the lessons, curriculum consultants were unable to predict which particular measures would be affected by which particular lessons. Since well-trained and experienced curriculum consultants were unable to predict the impact of lessons on students, the results suggest that the outcomes of peace education instruction should be carefully evaluated. Psychologists and the emerging field of peace psychology can make a major contribution to peace education. A collaborative relationship between psychologists and peace educators is recommended with psychologists developing tools for measurement, assisting in program design and analysis, and providing theory guided peace education content. A list of 28 references is included. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ohio State Dept. of Mental Health, Columbus.
Authoring Institution: N/A