ERIC Number: ED347025
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Whole Language Literacy for At-Risk Learners.
Clark, Jack M.
This booklet provides strategies for implementing whole-language reading and writing in classroom and tutorial settings for at-risk learners, with a focus on migrant students. The whole-language approach integrates reading, writing, listening, and speaking into language arts, social studies, science, and other content areas. Within an environment that fosters support and encourages risk-taking, this approach allows the student adequate time to engage in reading and writing experiences. The first section discusses the processes and conditions of literacy learning in relation to whole-language implementation and second language learners, including migrant children. The second section addresses elements of a whole language program and provides examples of classroom implementation. Suggestions are also given for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students in developing language through content-area activities. The third section discusses qualities of good writing and provides strategies for engaging students in writing and evaluating their writing. Relevant to migrant children, it stresses integrating ESL reading and writing through a dialogue journal, parent involvement, and setting up "publishing" programs. The fourth section addresses whole-language evaluation, by focusing on the learning process as well as on the resulting product. This is accomplished through on-going teacher observations, conferencing, anecdotal records, and examples of children's writings. Examples of evaluation methods are provided. Also included are suggested readings for ESL and other at-risk learners and a whole-language literacy bibliography. (LP)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), High Risk Students, Instructional Materials, Literacy, Migrant Children, Migrant Education, Program Descriptions, Reading Instruction, Reading Writing Relationship, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods, Whole Language Approach, Writing Instruction
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Oneonta. Coll. at Oneonta. Eastern Stream Center on Resources and Training.