ERIC Number: ED346960
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Young Adolescents and Middle Level Education: A Review of Current Issues, Concerns, and Recommendations.
Whisler, Jo Sue
The ages between 10 and 14 years represent a period of transition between childhood and adolescence when feelings of confusion, anxiety, excitement, and frustration are widely experienced. During this period, early adolescents undergo major developmental changes. Educators working with these young people need accurate knowledge of early adolescents' physical, intellectual, emotional, social, moral, and ethical development, and the developmental tasks facing early adolescents. Educational institutions should focus on the appropriateness of curriculum for this stage of development and should provide necessary social and emotional support to adolescent students. Critics of middle-grade schools have pointed to a number of weaknesses and have put forth a variety of recommendations for transforming middle-level education. While there is no single model for the successful middle school, there is some consensus that: (1) schools can be large as long as they create subgroups of students that form small communities of learning; (2) interdisciplinary teams represent a keystone practice; (3) advisory groups provide critical socioemotional support; (4) middle schools should provide an environment in which students can explore personal interests in addition to the regular curriculum; (5) special programs may be needed to help students make an orderly transition from elementary to middle grades, and from middle grades to high school; (6) an appropriate core curriculum should be developed, and varied teaching strategies used to teach it; and (7) teachers should be prepared, caring, and empowered. (AC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mid-Continent Regional Educational Lab., Aurora, CO.