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ERIC Number: ED346948
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jul
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Affordances in Preschool Lesson Structures and Socially Competent Task-Related Behaviors: A Gibsonian Ecological Re-Interpretation.
Sherman, Lawrence W.; Oppenheimer, Louis
The primary thesis of this paper is that James J. Gibson and Kurt Lewin and their followers subscribe to the central ecological notions of interdependence of organisms and their environments. An attempt is made to show the connections between Gibson's conceptualization of affordance, and the related Lewinian notion of psychological ecology. Presentation of Gibson's concept is followed by discussion of relevant concepts related to Lewin and his later students, Roger Barker, Jacob Kounin, and Urie Bronfenbrenner. Next, Kounin's last research project is analyzed. The project concerned nursery school environments as ecological behavior settings that promote or hinder socially competent behaviors of children. All 596 lesson settings described in Kounin's project are generically classified into six signal system categories based on dichotomous concepts of continuity/lagging and intrusiveness/insulation: (1) signals from effects of one's own behavior on continuously present materials; (2) sequenced signals from a single, continuously emiting source; (3) teacher pacing of signals to children and use of continuous external signal source; (4) recitation with discrete, multiple child signals; (5) multiple and shifting signals, primarily from child sources; and (6) signals from a central source and inputs from high intensity props or actions. Results are discussed. Over 30 references are cited. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A