ERIC Number: ED346902
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1964-Dec-21
Reference Count: N/A
History of the Junior College Movement in California. Bureau of Junior College Education Release No. 20. Revised.
Winter, Carl G.
Citing a number of primary and secondary sources, the legislative and developmental history of the junior college movement in California is examined in this 1964 six-part report. First, a brief introduction presents an overview of the movement's major proponents, and of a 1907 law establishing California's first public junior colleges. The next section, "Beginnings of Junior College Education (1907-1917)," focuses on early efforts by high schools to teach post-secondary courses and related questions of state funding. Next, "The Formative Period (1917-1931)," is described, looking at high schools offering post-secondary courses and their 1917 enrollments, the 1917 statute which first introduced the words "junior college courses," the Committee on Education of 1919, the 1921 statute authorizing the creation of junior college districts, the first junior college district, enrollments of the state's 31 junior colleges in 1926-1927, funding under the 1929 session of the legislature, the formation of the California Junior College Association (CJCA) and the American Association of Junior Colleges, and the creation of four-year junior colleges. "The Period of Adjustment and Growth (1931-1951)" reviews legislative action through 1949, new colleges, the Strayer Report on California's needs for higher education, and junior college accreditation. Legislation and new colleges in "The Fateful Years (1951-1960)," are discussed next, along with "A Restudy of the Needs of California in Higher Education" (1955) and "Study of the Need for Additional Centers of Public Higher Education in California" (1957). Finally, the last section, "Under the Master Plan (1960-1964)," describes the Coordinating Council of Higher Education, legislation, new colleges, and Academic Senates. Chronologies of the establishment of California's junior colleges, of important events, and of the the tenure of CJCA presidents are attached. (JSP)
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational Legislation, Government School Relationship, Postsecondary Education, Public Education, State Boards of Education, State Colleges, State Legislation, State School District Relationship, Two Year Colleges, Undergraduate Study
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.
Identifiers - Location: California