ERIC Number: ED346835
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Grand Challenges 1993: High Performance Computing and Communications. A Report by the Committee on Physical, Mathematical, and Engineering Sciences. The FY 1993 U.S. Research and Development Program.
Office of Science and Technology Policy, Washington, DC.; Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering and Technology, Washington, DC.
This report presents the United States research and development program for 1993 for high performance computing and computer communications (HPCC) networks. The first of four chapters presents the program goals and an overview of the federal government's emphasis on high performance computing as an important factor in the nation's scientific and technological advancement, economic strength, and national security. Needs and benefits, program description, goals, strategy, and the program management approach are discussed in this chapter. Chapter two describes HPCC program components, including High Performance Computing Systems (HPCS), Advanced Software Technology and Algorithms (ASTA), the National Research and Education Network (NREN), and Basic Research and Human Resources (BRHR). Program development and agency budgets are addressed in chapter three, which includes discussions of program planning, evaluation criteria, agency budgets, and descriptions of programs of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Institutes of Health, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Chapter four, "Grand Challenge and Supporting Technology Case Studies," provides examples of high performance computing and computer communications technologies designed to represent the diversity and significance of application areas. Included are Magnetic Recording Technology, Rational Drug Design, High Speed Civil Transports, Catalysis, Fuel Combustion, Ocean Modeling, Ozone Depletion, Digital Anatomy, Air Pollution, Design of Protein Structures, Venus Imaging, and Technology Links Research to Education. A glossary of terms concludes the report. (DB)
Descriptors: Computer Networks, Computer Software, Federal Government, Long Range Planning, National Programs, Program Development, Public Agencies, Research and Development, Technological Advancement
Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology; Committee on Physical, Mathematical, and Engineering Sciences; c/o National Science Foundation, Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate, 1800 G Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20550.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Science and Technology Policy, Washington, DC.; Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering and Technology, Washington, DC.