ERIC Number: ED346805
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Faculty Collaboration: Enhancing the Quality of Scholarship and Teaching. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 7, 1991.
Austin, Ann E.; Baldwin, Roger G.
Many college faculty increasingly do much of their work, i.e., teaching, conducting research, and writing, in partnership with colleagues. This is due to such things as rapidly changing technologies and increasingly specialized knowledge. Faculty collaboration usually takes two principal forms, teaching and research, and are often distinctive arrangements depending on the field of study, institutional environment, and task requirements. Each effective collaborative team must proceed through four basic stages: (1) choosing team members; (2) dividing the labor; (3) establishing work guidelines; and (4) terminating the collaboration. The controversy surrounding collaborative efforts mostly involves the inequitable use of power and influence by some team members, the loss of professional identity, and problems involving integrity. Most higher education institutions and professional societies, however, have not dealt with finding solutions to the problems inherent in the use of teamwork. Administrators have an important role in fostering collaboration such as in resource allocation; developing supportive policies; rewarding collaborative efforts, both publicly and privately; and the removal of many of the informal traditions and explicit policies that may inhibit faculty collaboration, such as criteria for tenure and promotion, policies for merit pay, and standards for faculty evaluation. More qualitative and quantitative research is needed to study collaborative practices in order to eliminate myths about this process and enhance opportunities for a successful experience. Contains 104 references and an index. (GLR)
Descriptors: College Administration, Collegiality, Cooperation, Educational Cooperation, Group Activities, Higher Education, Institutional Environment, Interprofessional Relationship, Organizational Climate, Participatory Research, Peer Relationship, Teacher Participation, Team Teaching, Teamwork
ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, George Washington University, One Dupont Circle, Suite 630, Washington, DC 20036 ($17.00 nonmembers, $12.75 members).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Association for the Study of Higher Education.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.; George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. School of Education and Human Development.