ERIC Number: ED346793
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Residence Life Systems and Student Development: A Critical Review and Reformulation. Student-Environment Study Group. Student Development Monograph Series, Volume 3.
This monograph presents a review of the literature on college residence life organized around an ecosystemic model and student development theory. This model distinguishes between events and processes at four levels: suprasystem (relationship between residence and university systems); macrosystem (residence hall); mesosystem (the hall floor); and microsystem (the room), with processes across levels seen as interdependent. The model's four levels correspond to the major sections of the review. The review identified eight thematic issues: (1) the residence system is most responsible for student social development; (2) social development precedes and influences academic development; (3) men and women enter with divergent degrees of preparedness; (4) such differences are reflected in their patterns of self-selection (5) social processes at the micro-level drive student development in residences; (6) students' relations with their parents have a potent effect on student development; (7) research and programming in residence life requires a differentiated style of thinking; and (8) academic and historical time intervals must be distinguished. In concluding, the review identifies 4 theoretical generalizations and advances 40 implications for practice. Included are nearly 400 references. (JB)
Descriptors: College Housing, College Students, Colleges, Corridors, Dormitories, Family Influence, Family Role, Foreign Countries, Group Experience, Higher Education, Individual Development, Literature Reviews, Models, On Campus Students, Sex Differences, Social Development, Student Development, Student School Relationship
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Guelph Univ. (Ontario).