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ERIC Number: ED346791
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986
Pages: 71
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Developmental Theory as a Guide to Policy and Research: Critique and Reformulation. Student-Environment Study Group. Student Development Monograph Series. Volume 1.
Benjamin, Michael
This review offers a theoretical reformulation of student development useful for policy and research and critically assesses four bodies of theory for developmental models addressing the family, the individual, complex organizations, and the interaction between the individual and the environment, respectively. In each category several models are reviewed and critically evaluated with concepts that appeared useful selected out as the basis for an ecological reformulation of student development. Its generic form was that of two boxes, one representing the family, the other representing the university as complex organization, the two linked by students with commitments to both. There follows a three-part explication of this model: (1) a view of the family as complex system whose shaping influence on student development is ongoing; (2) a view of the university as complete system in which relationships between staff define organizational goals which impact student development; and (3) a view of the interaction between students and university which emphasizes student-faculty relations, peer relations, social anchors, family "fit", patterns of demand, emergence through time, and attrition/retention. A conclusion briefly discusses the implications of the model. Included are 4 figures and over 250 references. (JB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Guelph Univ. (Ontario).